Discussion in 'Cardiff City Forum' started by Travis Bickle, 19 Feb 2018.
Billy the seal
South Wales Constabulary showing off their new delivery of Morris 1000 Panda Cars outside the Law Courts 1967
Queuing up to see moon rock in the museum 1971
1890 Crwys Bychan - site of Gladstone School and source of the Crwys Road name. Looks like a funeral cortege.
Baden Powell School Sports Day , Splott Park, 1962. Chariot Race
I forgot all about the chariot races
nid last with the dr lector??
The Casablanca club
Undated photo of Cardiff Dragons speedway team
Cardiff Dragons speedway track, around 1950
Was wondering exactly where on Penarth Road that speedway track was so I screenshot a "Then and Now". I notice the river has since been diverted to run directly to the bay.
Another one, a bit more zoomed in.
Well spotted, although doesn't that also happen during the formation of an Oxbow Lake? Vaguely remember this from GCSE Geography where the meandering banks touch each other, then finally break through, cut off the 'lake' then follow the straightest route.
Pinched from the FB Group, Cardiff Days Gone By:
Temperance Town was an area near the centre of Cardiff built in the 1860s. At that time Cardiff was expanding rapidly as a port specialising in the export of coal. The West Bute dock had opened in 1839, and the East Bute dock in 1855. The main railway line through South Wales to Fishguard had been constructed around 1850. The engineering of the railway line through Cardiff had presented a number of problems, not least the presence of the River Taff. As it approached the sea the Taff passed around several meanders, which had gradually changed their location over the centuries and one of which was creeping closer to the west side of St Mary Street. St Mary’s church itself had yielded to flooding a couple of centuries earlier.
The solution was to cut a new straight channel for the river, with embankments on each side to prevent flooding. A large area of very wet low lying land was left between the new channel and the old one. Part of that area is now occupied by the Principality Stadium .The land immediately north of the railway station was, however, the first to be built upon. It was owned by Colonel Edward Wood, but leased to Jacob Mathews.
Around 1860 Mathews authorised the tipping of huge quantities of rubbish onto this land, streets were laid out, and very soon a new suburb had been created. The main street running east to west through the area, named Wood Street after the owner of the land, was filled with shops and other businesses, while the remaining streets were predominantly residential. From west to east they were Eisteddfod Street, Gough Street, Scott Street, and Havelock Street. Park Street ran across the northern edge of the district, with houses only on its southern side.
Colonel Wood did not approve of alcohol. In the lease of 1858 he specified that certain trades could not be carried on without his permission, including tavern keeper, alehouse keeper, and retailer of beer. Mathews, himself a teetotaller, was happy to comply with this requirement. It is not clear whether the official name of the district was Temperance Town from its beginning, but that is what it soon became called. Processions proclaiming the virtues of abstinence were often seen making their way though the area and into neighbouring streets. The first public building to be erected was a splendid Temperance Hall, on the corner of Wood Street and Havelock Street.
Reminiscences about the entertainment on offer in the early days of the Temperance Hall are recorded in the Western Mail, 5 June 1934. Favourite songs were “Alonzo the Brave and the Fair Imogen”, “The Good St Anthony”, and “Let Me Like a Soldier Fall”. Another song celebrated the escape from Paris in a balloon by the French government minister Léon Gambetta.
Two people living in Temperance Town during the 1870s were David Hutchinson and his son-in-law Joseph Taylor. David Hutchinson and his wife lived at 59 Wood Street, and Joseph Taylor and his family at 40 Scott Street. Under their professional names of Hutchinson and Tayleure they built a large wooden circus in St Mary Street.
The circus opened on 14 November 1870. During the first season performers included De Castro's French Troupe, a group of six male and female acrobats and gymnasts, and Signor Napoli, the Italian Hercules, who was indisputably the strongest man in existence.
Also taking part was Monsignor Niblo, the renowned trapezist. Niblo suffered an alarming accident on 13 December 1870. Having completed a series of wonderful aerial flights he performed a double somersault and as he landed the stage collapsed beneath him. If it had not been for his cat-like agility he would have been seriously injured. As it was his astonishing escape was loudly cheered from all parts of the circus.
A few years later Hutchinson and Tayleure erected another circus at the north east corner of Temperance Town. The new circus, which opened on 6 November 1876, could hold about 2000 people.By this time equestrian events were an especially popular part of the programme. Beneath the circus it was necessary to build stables for about 40 horses.
In the early 20th century however Cardiff's prosperity had been reduced by the decline in coal exports. Poverty and overcrowding in Temperance Town increased, and conditions deteriorated. In 1930 the Great Western Railway built a new station on the edge of the district and the railway company was concerned that the visible poverty of the district would affect its image and its business. It persuaded the Cardiff Corporation (the local authority) to improve the area; the Corporation (without consultation with the inhabitants) obtained the Cardiff Corporation Act 1934 to provide the necessary powers. The redevelopment plans included new public facilities such as a bus station.
The Corporation rehoused Temperance Town's residents elsewhere in better housing elsewhere in the city, and the district's demolition started in late 1937.
In the event World War II delayed redevelopment. The bus station opened in 1954; Wood Street was widened and lined with offices and shops. In 1958 a swimming pool, the Wales Empire Pool, was built for the British Empire and Commonwealth Games, in the same year.
A range of pics from c 1900 to the starting on building the bus station
Clearance of Temperance Town complete ready for start of new bus station works:
Before the flyover
The Birchgrove pub, top picture taken in 1968 after it was gutted by a fire,bottom picture taken in 2013